天津爱维医院

质量和安全是我们的追求!
We focus on quality and safety!

网上咨询 |
站内搜索

健康知识 | Education

麻醉前为何要空腹

时间:2021-04-27 08:10 来源:天津爱维医院 作者:天津爱维医院 点击:
择期手术前应常规排空胃,以避免围手术期间发生胃内容的反流、呕吐或误吸,及由此而导致的吸入性肺炎或窒息。


 

  择期手术前应常规排空胃,以避免围手术期间发生胃内容的反流、呕吐或误吸,及由此而导致的吸入性肺炎或窒息。胃排空时间通常为4~6小时,而在应激情况下,如焦虑、创伤、疼痛等,胃排空时间可明显延长。因此,成人择期手术前

应禁食12小时,禁饮4小时。急症病人也应充分考虑胃排空问题。饱胃又需立即手术者,即使是区域阻滞或椎管内麻醉,也有发生呕吐和误吸的危险。如选用全麻,可行清醒气管内插管,以免发生呕吐和误吸。


  Before the operation you need to empty your stomach to avoid regurgitation, emesis and aspiration which may lead to aspiration pneumonia or asphyxia within preopera tive period. The stomach should be empty usually for 4 to 6

hours; however, it may require longer period of time if patients are undergoing anxiety, injury, pain and etc. Generally, patients (adult) should not eat 12 hours before operation and not drink 4 hours before. Emergency patients should

consider emptying stomach as well. Patients who need to have operation immediately may face risk of emesis and aspiration with a full stomach, even if taken a regional block or intraspinal anesthesia.


 

 Hotline:400-022-8987

 全国连锁医疗机构

 Nationalwidical Caer Chain Organization

www.tjivf.cn

 

 

附件:
首页 - 医院概况 - 新闻动态 - 科室介绍 - 专家介绍 - 就医指南 - 学科动态 - 医院视频 - JCI认证 - 健康园地 - 护理天地
地址:天津市河东区华龙道12号 全国咨询热线:400-022-8987
COPRYRIGHT 2012 TJIVF.CN ALL RIGHT RESERVED 天津爱维医院   (津)医广【2020】第03-12-02号
津公网安备 12010202000421号 津ICP备14001306号-1 生殖技术许可编号 20190611112732781212